Flat Foot

Flatfoot, also known as fallen arches or pesplanus, is a deformity in which the arch that runs along the sole of the foot is not formed (in children) or collapses to the ground (in adults due to various foot problems). Flatfoot can be rigid or flexible. 

Flat Foot


  • Inside arch of the foot is flattened
  • Heel bone may be turned outward
  • Inner aspect of the foot may appear bowed out
  • Pain in the foot, leg, knee, hip or lower back
  • Pain in the heels causing difficultly with walking/running
  • Discomfort with wearing shoes
  • Tired, achy feet with prolonged standing or walking



  • Physical Examination
  • X-ray
  • CT Scan
  • MRI

Non-surgical Treatment:

  • Dry Needling
  • Steroid and Hyaluronic Acid Image Guided Injections
  • High Volume Injections
  • Image Guided Calcific Barbotage

location & directions